Fluoride in Small Town’s Water Supplies

Here in the Ozarks, we have excellent water. We’re largely spoiled by having it so good. Some places  have a little more iron than is nice, and virtually everyone around here has a lot of calcium in their well, but for the most part, it is the best water straight out of a well that I’ve found anywhere in the country. But it looks like many of the small towns in this area are adding fluoride to the water and the residents don’t have any knowledge of it being added.

A lady I recently met writes a column on health for some papers in the area, and she was kind enough to include me in the loop to get this important information out there. If you live in an area that has rural water supplied, or in a small town, you might just want to have the water tested for fluoride yourself.

Here is the article by Marie Lasater of Texas County, Missouri.

Another Look at Fluoride

By Marie Lasater

In a previous discussion on toothpaste, we looked at the hazards of fluoride – dental fluorosis,
bone fractures, thyroid toxicity and negative effects on IQ in children, Switching to non-
fluoridated toothpaste is not enough, as an even more hazardous form of fluoride is being
added to our drinking water in some areas close to home.

The purported beneficial effects of fluoride on dental decay have largely been refuted. Fluoride
makes bones and teeth more brittle. Strong teeth in those of us who grew up on well water can
be attributed to the high amounts of calcium in the water, not naturally occurring fluoride,
which is occasionally found in small amounts, but not here in the Ozarks.

Although the American Dental Association continues to adamantly defend fluoride, at least 17
prominent organizations have withdrawn their support since 1990, including the American
Academy of Diabetes, the American Cancer Society, American Nurses Association, American
Psychiatric Association, National Kidney Foundation, and the Society of Toxicology.  The reversal
of these organizations in their former support of water fluoridation is in response to new
research, and to increased toxicity in the type of fluoride being added.

New studies have been published; including one from the New Jersey Department of Health
documents males under the age of 50 had 5 – 7 times the incidence of bone cancer in
fluoridated areas, with teen males ages 10-19 with highest levels.

Another study of cancer rates in the ten largest fluoridated US cities found 10% more cancer
deaths than the non-fluoridated cities, especially tumors of tongue, mouth, pharynx, esophagus,
stomach, colon, rectum, pancreas, larynx, bronchi and lungs.

Hip fractures in 2 Utah cities were compared: fluoridated Brigham City and non-fluoridated
Cedar City. Hip fracture rates were double in elderly men and women in the city with fluoridated

A study published in 2008 conducted over a 20 year period looked at effects of fluoride in
children. 16 different studies were included in the analysis, and found “Children who live in a
fluorosis area have five times higher odds of developing low IQ than those who live in a non-
fluorosis area.”

A 2011 article actually quantified the decrease in IQ as related to fluoride levels. Looking at
excreted fluoride in the urine, researchers found that each increase in 1 mg/L of urine fluoride
was associated with 0.59-point decrease in IQ, and concluded that even low levels of fluoride
exposure in drinking water had negative effects on children’s intelligence and dental health.

On the basis of new research, Hardy Limback, DDS, President of the Canadian Association for
Dental Research reversed his position on water fluoridation stating “children under 3 should
NEVER use fluoridated toothpaste and baby formula must never be made up using tap water.”

Fluorosilicic Acid

One thing that happened in 1989 and 1990 concerned the switch from fluoride to fluorosilicic
acid, which is gathered by removing the residues in smokestack scrubbers left behind from the
treatment of phosphate ores with sulfuric acid, and would be considered a toxic waste, if it
wasn’t added to our water supply. When the hurricanes hit Florida in 1989 – 1990, the supplies
of fluorosilicic acid were depleted in the holding tanks, so supplies were imported from countries
such as China, who likely thought that putting their hazardous waste in our drinking water was a
pretty good idea. Fluorosilicic acid contains variable amounts of lead, arsenic, and mercury,
which you will see identified on your annual water quality report.

What exactly is fluorosilicic acid? I spoke with a long-term employee of a local water system who
actually was the one to add it to the drinking supply. It comes in large barrels from a chemical
company, marked “Poison,” and has an acid pH similar to battery acid. Per first hand report, it is
corrosive to the pipes, especially close to the points where it is added. It gradually disperses, but
the homes closest to the treatment plant get the highest doses. Taxpayers actually pay for the
privilege of having China’s industrial waste added to their water, a cost of about $2.00 per
person per year, in addition to the significant cost of replacing pipes.
Filters do not work to remove fluoride, because of the small diameter of the fluoride ion. It can
only be removed by reverse osmosis or distillation.


The FDA designated fluoride “not generally recognized as safe” in 1985, and permitted no
fluoride to be added to food or dietary supplements. The Department of Health and Human
Services exempted fluoridated water from the ban, including water used to make food. Even the
World health Organization says fluoride levels should be around 0.7 mg/L, and in 2011 the
federal government adopted this standard. Unfortunately, fluoride levels in Houston, Missouri
are as high as 1.13 mg/L and 1.1 mg/L in Cabool as of their 2012 reports. Fluoride has been
added to Cabool’s water supply since March 1, 1962, and in 2013 they received an award from
the ADA for “50 Years of Water Fluoridation.” I saw the award first hand, but it was not
publicized. Fluoride was first added to the city water supply Houston, Mo in 2002 by a vote of
the City Council, following a comment period, creating a new ordinance.

How to Help
First, the town of Licking and all of Dent County do NOT have fluoridated water. The only towns
in Texas County adding fluoride are Cabool and Houston. Cabool’s addition of fluoride is
documented on the CDC webpage, but Houston is erroneously listed as having zero fluoride,
with none added. I called the CDC, and was told that they “hadn’t updated the website in a
while.” It must have been quite a while, as fluoride has been added for the past 13 years. I
challenged them to update their website, as this is false information for those searching on their
own. I pulled my own samples from the Houston water supply, confirming the presence of
significant levels of fluoride. I then contacted Missouri DNR who established  that the city of
Houston does indeed add fluoride, and directed me to the location of some obscure reports.

If you live in an area still adding fluoride to your water, contact your city council, or attend a
meeting, requesting that fluorosilicic acid be removed. When fluoride was added, no public vote
was required. Fluoride can be taken out the same way – by a vote of your city council. Dozens of
surrounding cities are removing fluoride from their water, including most recently Waynesville
and Bolivar, let’s not be the last.

Missouri Medical Marijuana Bill

For many people, cannabis or cannabis oil are the only things that can really give them relief, or a possible cure, from debilitating or fatal diseases. At this point, I will state without hesitation, if a family member were diagnosed with cancer, we would move to Colorado and work with people there that know how to set up protocols to treat cancer. There are entirely too many positives for health benefits and the only thing that is threatened by marijuana is the overly bloated and toxic pharmaceutical industry and the revenue generation/prison industry who are profiting because of it being illegal. It just galls me personally that there is help for so many that is natural and it is immoral to prevent people who would benefit from using this help.

Anyway, for those who would like to weigh in with their representatives regarding this bill, here is how you do so:

Click on this link for the House Committee on Emerging Issues.

It is HB 800 and already had a public hearing, but it has not yet been voted on in committee. All the members of the committee are in the link, and you could send them all an email with your thoughts on the bill.

Additionally, you can contact your representative by finding them in this link. You must have your zip code plus four to find them if you don’t already know who they are. Below is an article with the link in the title regarding the bill and the hearing.

February 23, 2015 9:26 pm  • 

JEFFERSON CITY • Advocates for
increased patient access to medical
marijuana, including television personality
Montel Williams, shared personal stories
while testifying for a Missouri bill that would
create a state-monitored distribution
program for the drug.
Williams and others spoke at a House
committee hearing Monday in support of the measure sponsored by a Republican
representative. The measure would set up a process for patients to register for access to
marijuana for cancer, HIV, post-traumatic stress disorder and other medical conditions.
Williams, who starred in the syndicated talk show “The Montel Williams Show,” has
multiple sclerosis and uses marijuana to treat some of his symptoms. He lives in New
York and has advocated for medical marijuana across the country. He said the legislation
could be a model for the rest of the country.
“I could care less about anybody who wants to get high— your problem, not mine. I’m
only concerned about people who need relief through medication,” Williams said to the
Republican Rep. Dave Hinson’s bill would not allow recreational use of marijuana. It
would require growers and distributors of medical marijuana to be licensed and follow
certain security procedures. The legislation also limits the amount of marijuana a person
could get without special permission to 2.5 ounces every two weeks.
Hinson said every lawmaker has had their lives touched by someone who has been
affected by a debilitating illness. He said his father, who died from bone cancer in 1989,
suffered extreme pain in the final months of his life.
“He was so endowed with morphine that he was so sick to his stomach and all he wished
to do was die,” Hinson said.
Hinson said that people should be allowed the opportunity to get relief and maintain
Missouri lawmakers hear emotional testimony on medical mari… http://www.stltoday.com/news/local/govt-and-politics/missouri-…
1 of 3 3/1/15 2:02 PM
their dignity by using marijuana recommended by a doctor.
Some advocates for patient access to marijuana expressed concerns about the limits on
home growing of cannabis and the high cost of setting up centers under the current
legislation. Tom Mundell, a past commander of Missouri’s Veterans of Foreign Wars, said
he thought patients should be allowed to grow the plants at home.
He shared stories of veterans who were using marijuana for medical purposes. After Rep.
Ron Hicks, R-St. Peters, asked him about using marijuana for post-traumatic stress
disorder, he broke down as he described how he’s gone from taking dozens of pills daily
to only a few each day.
Hicks said he supports the bill and wants to make sure it can pass.
A patient would have to get a recommendation from a physician and then apply to the
state’s health department before being able to purchase medical marijuana. The bill lists
specific eligible ailments, but also lays out a process for a patient to appeal and the
department to add illnesses.
But the risk for abuse of marijuana remains despite the limits in the bill, said Jason
Grellner, vice president of National Narcotics Officers Associations’ Coalition, who
opposes the measure.
Grellner said that supporters of marijuana access will chip away at any law passed in
Missouri by filing lawsuits to expand it.
“Every legislator that brings this forward, I don’t care what state you’re in, believes
they’ve built the perfect mouse trap,” he said Monday before testifying. “There are so
many unanswered questions and loopholes and pitfalls. You can’t write a law tight
Twenty-three states have comprehensive medical marijuana laws. Missouri and 10 other
states have also approved more limited medical marijuana bills that loosen access to
extracts from strains of marijuana with low tetrahydrocannabinol or THC and high levels
of cannabidiol, or CBD, which some have used to control epilepsy in young children.
Missouri’s bill has not yet been fully implemented and the CBD oil is not currently
available in the state.
Medical marijuana bill is HB 800.
House: http://www.house.mo.gov

Forced Vaccination to Be A Foster Parent

Over the course of the next week, I intend to put a boat load of information on here regarding vaccinations with an eye toward the ever growing threat of forced/mandatory immunizations to participate in society. This is just a really good one and I thought I would go ahead and share it now:

Dozens of Foster Parents Giving Up Licenses Rather than Taking the Mandated Flu Vaccine

Dozens of Washington state foster parents say they’ll give up their licenses to care for kids from birth to age 2 rather than get flu shots mandated by a new regulation.

Some foster parents said they object to the influenza vaccine because they believe it is “experimental” and poses potential side effects. Others said they simply don’t like being told to inoculate themselves and their biological kids, and they worry that the regulation will worsen a growing shortage of foster families.

“We will not get the flu shot. We choose not to,” said Glory Tichy, 35, a Tacoma mother of three biological kids and a 2-year-old foster daughter. “Right now our license has been amended and we cannot take any children under 2. I’m desperately hoping and praying that it gets overturned or they think twice about it.”

But officials with the state Department of Social and Health Services (DSHS) said they’re sticking with the new administrative rule, WAC 388-148, which took effect Jan. 11, because medical experts advise that the shots are safe, effective and in the best interests of the youngest children in the state’s care.

“We selected this age group because the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the state Department of Health have indicated these are the children who are most vulnerable to illness,” Mindy Chambers, a DSHS spokeswoman, said in a statement.

Washington appears to be the only state that requires flu shots for foster families, according to the National Foster Parent Association. But the controversy has surfaced amid national concerns that anti-vaccination sentiments have fueled an outbreak of measles that started at Disneyland in Orange County, Calif., and has spread to at least 102 people in 14 states, with most cases linked to the theme park.

Under the new rule, DSHS will not license foster families to serve children younger than age 2 without proof of pertussis and influenza vaccinations for everyone living in the home. The pertussis requirement was implemented in May 2012, in response to an epidemic of whooping cough in Washington state.

Foster children are required to be immunized according to federal guidelines, which include flu shots, DSHS officials said.

The pertussis requirement drew little response, in sharp contrast to current protests against the flu vaccine. In Yakima County, at least three dozen of some 490 licensed foster parents — about 7 percent — already have asked to have their licenses changed in order to avoid the flu shots, Chambers said.

It’s not yet clear how many foster parents will request license changes statewide. DSHS officials said they’re contacting the more than 4,800 foster families who care for some 8,500 children, including about 1,000 younger than age 2. The agency expects to have a full count by late February, Chambers said.

The vast majority of foster parents likely will abide by the rule, said Kathy Spears, another DSHS spokeswoman. “We haven’t heard of people lining up on our doorsteps ready to relinquish their foster parent licenses because of the immunization protocol,” Spears said in an email.

Opposition is heated, however, from people like Crystal Farnsworth Deline, 50, of Cle Elum, who has four adult biological children, four adopted special-needs children and a 15-year-old foster child in the process of adoption. She’d be happy to take the very youngest kids, except for the new flu-shot requirement.

“The flu vaccine seems experimental to me,” said Deline. “It doesn’t feel like a safe vaccine.”

Her concerns are echoed by Ann Marie Henninger, 47, a registered nurse in Sequim, who has been a foster parent for seven years and is currently licensed for children from birth to age 6.

“The vaccine itself has risks and is no guarantee that one will not come down with the illness,” she wrote, adding: “This decision is not evidence-based and will result in the loss of countless foster families who will raise their age limit of dependent children accepted rather than submit to the government mandate that they vaccinate their families against their will and better judgment.”

She said that this year’s flu vaccine is “a failure” because it was a poor match for the circulating strains of flu virus, with an efficacy of only about 23 percent, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Flu- vaccine effectiveness can range from as low as 10 percent to as much as 60 percent, CDC figures show.

Health officials, however, said there’s no question that the flu vaccine is safe and, even in bad years, offers more protection against illness, hospitalization and death than skipping the shot.

“The (DSHS) recommendation is well-grounded in medical logic, and there are many good studies showing influenza vaccine is safe both in children and adults,” said Dr. Jeff Duchin, interim health officer for Public Health — Seattle & King County.

“People are entitled to their opinions, but they’re not entitled to change facts,” he added. “They have beliefs that are not substantiated in fact or in science.”

The CDC has for years recommended that everyone older than 6 months get flu shots. Children from birth to age 2 are especially vulnerable to infection, the CDC says. DSHS officials said the agency was advised to require flu shots for all children in state foster care but decided to limit it to just the most at-risk children.

There can be side effects to flu shots, CDC officials acknowledge. They are mostly limited to soreness, redness or swelling at the injection site or other mild problems. Moderate and serious problems are very rare, the agency said.

The CDC estimated that use of the 2013-2014 flu vaccine prevented 7.2 million illnesses and 90,000 hospitalizations associated with influenza. Flu kills between 3,300 and nearly 49,000 people annually, depending on the year, federal figures show. Last year, 109 children died from flu infections; so far this year, the total is 61, the CDC said.

“We should do whatever we can to protect these young kids, even if we can’t protect them 100 percent,” Duchin said. “It’s worth it.”

The new rule rankles foster parents like Kori Beringer, 40, of Arlington, who has adopted five former foster children ages 1, 2, 3, 6 and 8 but has room for two more kids.

“What makes me sad now is unless we get everybody vaccinated, they will not place more children in our home,” she said. “My problem with the flu shot is not the flu shot. My problem is that I need, in my home, the right to make medical choices for myself, my husband and my children.”

Other foster parents were surprised by the sudden requirement and felt they had no chance to express their views, said Beth Canfield, co-president of FPAWS, the Foster Parents Association of Washington. They also point out that other adults who come in contact with foster children — social workers and transportation providers, for example — aren’t mandated to get the shots. Canfield questions the wisdom of imposing such a regulation when the numbers of willing foster parents are dwindling.

“This is the worst shortage I’ve seen in 32 years of being a foster parent,” she said, noting that the state held steady at 6,000 foster families for years, far higher than the 4,800 now licensed. “We already have kids staying in hotels and in 24-hour day care because we don’t have enough families.”

Foster parents have reached out to state lawmakers, asking for help in overturning the new rule. Rep. Mark Hargrove, R-Covington, said he convened a meeting last week with foster parents and DSHS representatives, where the idea of suspending the flu rule was raised. An aide for Rep. Matt Shea, R-Spokane Valley, said Shea is considering action on the issue.

Meanwhile, DSHS officials said they won’t remove children younger than 2 from homes that refuse flu shots, but they won’t authorize new placements in such homes. If the agency starts losing families for those children, DSHS will push for greater recruitment in that age range, Spears said.

“The department is concerned about any loss of homes, but we have to make tough decisions to safeguard the health and well-being of children entrusted to our care,” she added.

JoNel Aleccia: 206-464-2906 or jaleccia@seattletimes.com. On Twitter @JoNel_Aleccia

Long Time Friend of Property Rights Tased and Beaten in Sparta


Does Fighting City Hall Result in Police Attack in Missouri?

Originally posted on PRCnews:

Thursday night, January 22nd 2015 after attending the Mountain Grove PRC meeting, 69 year old rancher Bob Estep was heading to his home near Sparta when a car with it’s brights on pulled in behind him. Estep said he was trying to let the driver behind him know that the brights were blinding him by moving his rearview mirror attempting to flash the lights to the driver to his rear and moving the mirror around caused Estep to weave a little bit as he traveled down the road.

According to Estep, approximately 3 miles outside Sparta as he neared his turn off point, the vehicle behind Bob turned on it’s emergency lights indicating that it was a patrol car. Estep pulled over and waited for the officer to come to the side of his car. According to Bob Estep, he was waiting a rather lengthy amount of time, and he…

View original 285 more words

OSLU Preparedness Seminar

Ozark Self Reliant Living University

OSLU 4th Annual

Disaster Preparedness Seminars

  • Saturday January 31 9 am to 4:30 pm

Fun and Friends Senor Center, Thayer, MO

  • Sunday February 1 9 am to 4:30 pm

Next Step 7th Day Adventist Church, West Plains, MO

All Day, FREE

Lunch and Drinks Provided for Small Donation


Full Day Event, Come and Go As You Are Able Both Days

Please RSVP to assist us in planning lunch by calling


 or email mike65807@yahoo.com






9 am Dave Lohr Survival Without Shelter

Dave is an expert in wilderness survival and will show how to make weapons, traps, what foods are good to eat or should be avoided

10 am Sustainable Heating and Cooling and Storm Shelters, Matt Fielack

11 am Sensible Alternative Energy Using Woodgas,  Dr. Jim Hart MSU West Plains

Dr. Hart will demo a prototype small wood gas stove for heating. The same technology can power a car or truck or generate electricity

12 noon Lunch – Drinks, chili, potato soup, deserts provided. Many of the ingredients used locally grown and organic. Gluten free and vegetarian options available.

1 pm Robin Gilbert – Biblical Eating, foods that heal. Robin is a well-known medical missionary who shares her knowledge of a scriptural diet that improves health and what foods can assist in healing many diseases and ailments

2 pm Scott Peterson Down to Earth Seeds. Scott owns one of the premier heirloom seed companies in  the Ozarks and has been involved in preparedness for 20 years. He will share information on heirlooms, gardening, GMOs and health improvement.

3 pm Becky Peterson Essential Oils, Becky has a wealth of knowledge on how essential oils can replace many medicines either in an emergency or as a choice to take control of your health.

4 pm Rob Robinson restoring the constitution – Rob is a veteran of both the US Army and Marine Corp and has done extensive study of the Constitution, and will share his ideas on bringing government back to the people as originally intended.




9 am Craig Wiles Threat Assessment, Physical Preparedness and Social Preparedness/ Craig is pastor of the Next Step 7th Day Adventist Church and spent many years in the solar energy business. He is a former host of a radio talk show about preparedness and travels often giving seminars  on  sustainability, preparedness and homesteading. He is condensing three hours of material into a two hour segment, so pay attention.


11 am Sensible Alternative Energy Dr. Mainprize. Dr. Mainprize has an outstanding presentation on the various types of alternative energy available and how the average person can take advantage of them either to get off the grid and out of the gas line now, or to be ready if it becomes a necessity.


12 noon Lunch  Drinks, chili, potato soup, deserts provided. Many of the ingredients used locally grown and organic. Gluten free and vegetarian options available.


1 pm Robin Gilbert  Biblical Eating, foods that heal. Robin is a well-known medical missionary who shares her knowledge of a scriptural diet that improves health and what foods can assist in healing many diseases and ailments


2pm Dawn McPherson Medicine When There Is No Pharmacy


3 pm to 4 pm Waiting for confirmation, speaker will be announced

Inflation? Only if you eat…drive, drink water, etc.

As regular readers know, the way inflation is determined does NOT include food and fuel. Absolute stupidity, right? Well, the actual inflation and actual unemployment numbers vastly outweigh the official reports. Here’s a good article about the food side of things below.

Despite Decline in CPI, Food Index Increases in December

(CNSNews.com) — Despite a decline in the overall Consumer Price Index (CPI) in December, the food index increased and the price index for meats, poultry, fish and eggs hit a record high, according to data released today from the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS).


Is this possibly an indication of the SDR’s? A “basket of currencies”?

A basket of grocery goods. (AP)

According to the BLS, “The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) declined 0.4 percent in December on a seasonally adjusted basis. Over the last 12 months, the all items index increased 0.8 percent before seasonal adjustment.”

“The gasoline index continued to fall sharply, declining 9.4 percent and leading to the decrease in the seasonally adjusted all items index,” said the BLS.

“The fuel oil index also fell sharply, and the energy index posted its largest one-month decline since December 2008, although the indexes for natural gas and for electricity both increased,” said the BLS.

“The food index, in contrast, rose 0.3 percent, its largest increase since September.”


(AP Photo)

“The food index rose 0.3 percent in December after a 0.2 percent increase in November,” stated the BLS. “The index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs increased 0.3 percent as the index for beef and veal continued to rise, advancing 0.7 percent.”

In addition to rising 0.3 percent over the month, the index for meats, poultry, fish and eggs also hit a record high in December.

In January 1967, when the BLS started tracking this measure, the index for meats, poultry, fish, and eggs was 38.1. As of last December 2013, it was 239.151. In November 2014 it hit 260.247. And in December 2014 it hit a record high of 261.002, an increase of 9.1 percent in one year.

The price of ground beef, which hit a record high in November of $4.201, declined in December to $4.156.

While the price of beef declined, the price of fresh whole chicken per pound increased 0.5 percent, and grade A eggs hit a record high price.


(AP Photo)

In January 1980, when the BLS started tracking the price of this commodity, Grade A eggs cost $0.879 per pound. By this December 2014, Grade A eggs cost $2.21 per pound. A decade ago, in December 2004, Grade A eggs cost $1.199 a pound. Since then, the price has increased 84.3%.

Each month, the BLS employs data collectors to visit thousands of retail stores all over the United States to obtain information on the prices of thousands of items to measure changes for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The CPI is simply the average change over time in prices paid by consumers for a market basket of goods and services.

The business and economic reporting of CNSNews.com is funded in part with a gift made in memory of Dr. Keith C. Wold.

Albuquerque Police Charged with Murder

Despite a lot of the stupidity surrounding the Ferguson debacle, there are indeed problems with police acting waaay out of their prescribed power. For myself, it isn’t that I don’t like police, I just feel better when they aren’t around. I’m sure most people feel the same way.

Last spring, in New Mexico, a homeless man was killed by the police. Far from the only incident of that sort, but these officers are actually going to be charged with murder. We’ll see what happens. Here is an article about that event:
2 Albuquerque officers face murder charges in killing of homeless man

A screen grab, taken from a video camera worn by an Albuquerque Police Department officer, shows police in a standoff with James Boyd on March 16, 2014. (Albuquerque Police Department)
By Nigel Duara contact the reporter


Two Albuquerque police officers will face murder charges in connection with the death of a homeless man

Two Albuquerque police officers will face a preliminary hearing on murder charges in connection with the shooting death of a homeless camper in March that was captured on an officer’s helmet-mounted camera.

The case centers on James Boyd, 36, who had been camping in a restricted area of open space at Albuquerque’s eastern edge. During a four-hour standoff with police who had responded to a call from a local resident, he brandished two small knives multiple times.

Boyd, who suffered from paranoid schizophrenia, had been acting erratically during the incident.

In the video from the helmet camera, Boyd appears to be complying with commands to leave the area when an officer throws a flash-bang grenade at his feet and a second officer releases a police dog that attacks Boyd. He again draws knives from his pockets and turns away from officers, who fire, hitting him in the back.

Bernalillo County Dist. Atty. Kari Brandenburg filed an information in court on Monday, seeking to have Officer Dominique Perez and former Det. Keith Sandy, who was allowed to retire from the department eight months after the shooting, charged.

Brandenburg has scheduled an afternoon news conference to discuss the potential charges.

Under New Mexico law, Brandenburg may file charges via criminal information, which means she does not need to seek an indictment from a grand jury. Local TV station KRQE said she will file open charges of murder, which means that a trial jury could consider a range of counts — at minimum, manslaughter, and at most, first-degree murder.

The Albuquerque Police Department has come under intense scrutiny in connection with a string of violent encounters with the public. Since 2010, Albuquerque police officers have shot 37 people, 27 of them fatally.

The shootings prompted a federal investigation, and the department is the subject of a consent decree with the U.S. Justice Department, which found in an investigation that Albuquerque police have used deadly force more often than necessary, resulting in a series of unjustified fatal shootings.

The settlement calls for the police department to deescalate situations that involve people in a mental health crisis and minimize the use of force.

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